This blogpost got here up spontaneously. One in every of our neighborhood members e-mailed Piotr a few of these questions, and after some consideration, he determined to reply them – nonetheless, we consider that transparency and equal entry to data are paramount for a wholesome, thriving neighborhood. So we ready this blogpost to share with the broader viewers.

A few of you might need learn some solutions earlier than in our AMAs – each different month, we get collectively to reply all questions our neighborhood has. AMAs are one of the vital efficient methods we have now of gauging the neighborhood’s sentiment, their considerations, the issues they’re all for, and extra. Nevertheless, these questions are a pleasant reminder to the bigger Decentralized Ecosystem that Golem is extra alive than ever, always striving for the most effective, and our dedication are nonetheless as robust as when the analysis for this journey began, in 2015.

A little bit of an extended interview-  though very attention-grabbing, learn the primary half of the Q&A with Piotr beneath – possibly you discover one reply you’ve been on the lookout for!

Q: How dedicated is Golem in utilizing Ethereum? On the idea of Ethereum not scaling within the short-medium time period will you contemplate constructing on one other protocol?

PJ: By design, Golem is platform-agnostic relating to the underlying good contracts engine. We began the challenge with Ethereum in thoughts. Again then, it was the one challenge which provided good contracts execution in a decentralized method.

From our perspective, the state of affairs hasn’t modified all that a lot. These days there’s extra selection when it comes to protocols that allow good contract implementation and execution, however in our opinion, Ethereum continues to be the platform that’s extra adaptable to our challenge’s wants and, on the similar time, has essentially the most promising future.

I discuss with the well-known “scalability trilemma” diagram, wherein out of the three necessities (pace, safety, and decentralization), one can decide solely two. Relative thresholds between the 2 chosen options must be arrange, and the third one stays underutilized.

Although the unique trilemma assertion is maybe inherently true, Ethereum appears to be the challenge that ought to decrease these thresholds considerably. Which, in flip, could end in each a safe and decentralized implementation tied to a suitable degree of scalability.

Moreover, Ethereum’s largest asset is the big variety of extremely certified and gifted builders. Plainly Ethereum has captured essentially the most energetic neighborhood within the generalized blockchain area when it comes to constructing capabilities. We’re nonetheless to see how PoS and Sharding, along with L2 options assist clear up the scalability points generally. That is going to be an necessary checkpoint for us.

In conclusion, we keep open-minded, however in the meanwhile our selection is Ethereum.

Q: Are you engaged on driving Golem consumer adoption within the brief time period or is the challenge contingent on a extra scalable base protocol?

PJ: The brief reply is each. We’re nonetheless in beta, so brief time period adoption is crucial. It permits us to battle-test every new model of our software program and all of the newly-introduced options, utilizing a broad consumer base and set-up variety that wouldn’t be achieved with our inside QA solely.

It additionally improves challenge notion generally and our credibility inside the area, subsequently growing our probabilities of bringing gifted builders aboard. On the similar time, we’re conscious that a few of the elements at the moment applied in  Brass Golem are laborious to enhance to a production-grade state, so we’re nonetheless too early within the product improvement cycle for mass adoption.

Golem is usually described as a prosumer marketplace for computing energy, which is limiting and binds Golem to a selected approach of approaching community assets. To be clear, Golem permits such an strategy however isn’t restricted to it.

Particularly, Golem is a platform enabling its individuals to explain and find nearly any computational useful resource which may be linked to the Web as a standalone node. This contains Single-board computer systems in addition to massive Golem Limitless clusters uncovered to the community within the type of highly effective endpoints.

This low-level layer corresponds to the invention protocol. The protocol moreover permits customers to explain formally each the pricing mannequin for the useful resource in addition to the small print of the settlement, which leads to their potential to create an settlement between the events.

Briefly, the outline above englobes the whole thing of the protocol.  

When it comes to design ideas, an necessary one is the expressiveness of this protocol. Builders ought to be capable of simply outline new lessons of assets or fee schemes with none modifications to the protocol itself. For instance, this will likely pertain to describing the requirement of a useful resource being “inexperienced” (be that coloration or, as an example, a requirement that the useful resource is environment-friendly in some sense, specified within the description).

However, a category of high-level necessities will also be specified. This encompasses, for instance, some degree of confidentiality ensures (e.g., nodes have a specified TEE, equivalent to SGX enabled) or censorship resistance (node is part of a P2P subnetwork). Different options would possibly come alongside the way in which of our progress.

Final however not least, Golem already supplies instruments for “executing” the assets. In the meanwhile, this boils all the way down to apps run inside a Docker container. However within the context of the protocol, this set goes to be a lot richer, and on the similar time, uncovered to customers by way of interfaces in step with the protocol.

Q: What has been the response/ uptake in Golem limitless?

PJ: Golem Limitless’s code has been open sourced for months now; nonetheless, we have now made a aware choice to maintain the challenge slightly low profile for the second. We wished to have a working gateway to the principle Golem community first. This has already been launched, so we’re prepared to speak this platform broadly.

Within the meantime, regardless of restricted product promotion, we have been contacted by a couple of firms all for Golem Limitless. Firms which personal information facilities, large-scale business tasks, and likewise analysis institutes. A few of these contacts resulted in additional negotiations, and a few of these tasks have been immediately talked about in our AMA. We’ve got additionally introduced our partnership with Hoard, which can onboard recreation dev into the ecosytem by way of the Hoard Code Compiler powered by Golem Limitless.

Internally, we have additionally applied a couple of plugins to achieve a greater understanding of how Golem Limitless’s UX may be improved. These embrace, for instance, a basic MPI integration, and extra particular integrations associated to molecular dynamics and computational chemistry. Golem Limitless can be attention-grabbing to neighborhood members who wish to make the most of SGX and Graphene inside this framework. SGX help by way of Graphene in Golem is one in all our prime priorities, which additionally interprets to its implementation in Golem Limitless.

Q: The Golem SDK is significant for Golem’s long-term success to ensure that builders to construct on prime of it. How far has the SDK come alongside for the reason that AMA in January and are there any supply dates?

PJ: In the meanwhile, we’re targeted on two items of the SDK. The primary one is the preliminary model of the Golem Limitless SDK, which goes to be battle-tested and improved throughout the implementation of the sport improvement integration talked about above.

One other piece is the Process API. As said within the reply to the second query, short-term consumer adoption is necessary for us. For this goal, we’re engaged on the so-called Easy Process API applied in keeping with the White Paper. It’s a Python implementation, anchored within the Brass codebase that may permit builders to combine with Brass Golem and Clay Golem. We have been working intensively on this API for a couple of months now, and it must be prepared by Devcon5.

We consider that the step talked about above is crucial to pave the street for the mixing of extra generic Golem options inside the present codebase. For this goal, we’re creating a facade implementing a extra generic Process API, fairly near the API deliberate for the Stone Golem. This API is Rust-based, and it’ll permit a clean transition from the present Brass strategy to the extra generic protocol already talked about in query no 2.

As this is part of our long-term plan, it is probably not prepared earlier than the top of this yr.

Q: What have been the current developments within the Pay-as-you-go mannequin in Golem? Have there been any new ideas in combining game-theoretic approaches to the cross-checking mannequin?

PJ: The mannequin is solely one of many fee fashions thought of within the protocol talked about within the second query. Within the context of the protocol, it will neither be the one mannequin nor a privileged one, and a consumer will be capable of select a mannequin appropriate for the wants and the kind of the useful resource being shared.

To make the present Golem implementation extra engaging, we have already began implementing the Pay-as-you-go mannequin in Brass. In the intervening time, it’s restricted solely to the WASM, and RASPA use instances. The WASM integration may be constrained to provide solely deterministic outcomes, which makes the mixing of this mannequin much less dangerous for the customers. WASM must be added to one of many forthcoming Golem releases (the testnet model is deliberate for the 0.20 launch).

This brings us to the second half of the present query: some type of game-theoretical strategy is important in markets using decentralized networks. From our expertise, there isn’t a silver-bullet strategy for all of the lessons of issues within the totally different markets. Our R&D group has been engaged on a redundant verification framework for a while now, and it’ll be evaluated each towards the WASM use case, the place we are able to depend on the outcomes being deterministic, in addition to towards non-deterministic use instances equivalent to rendering.

This strategy encompasses a fairly wealthy assortment of use instances, however it may be prolonged additional with the introduction of further varieties of nodes within the community. Two examples that our R&D group takes into consideration now are nodes with increased belief ensures based mostly on repute, and inherently reliable nodes  (up to some extent in fact) for instance, by exposing an execution setting based mostly on SGX or different TEEs. That is nonetheless work-in-progress, and once more, at first, the redundant verification framework goes to be launched for the WASM use instances solely.

One further vertical which we take into account is that customers will be capable of develop their providers –  aiding in growing the final ensures of computations within the community. In the meanwhile, one in all these providers is Concent service developed by our group and is built-in inside Brass Golem and using GNT deposits. However finally, such providers could and must be applied by third events.

Briefly, builders will be capable of implement further algorithms based mostly on the sport concept.

Q: Do you envisage golem token value volatility to negatively impression consumer adoption?

PJ: If pay-as-you-go is taken into consideration, then volatility would not matter that a lot, because the granularity of the funds could also be fine-tuned to mitigate the dangers related to the unstable cryptocurrencies market. Different fashions could also be extra susceptible to cost volatility, however as it is going to be as much as the consumer to determine which pricing scheme to decide on, customers could make aware decisions based mostly on their anticipated final result.

We additionally produce other concepts, which can show helpful on this context, e.g., short-term secure GNT. Versus stablecoins, the pool of secure GNT must be comparatively small and correlated with the speed of the token. Nevertheless, this concept isn’t a precedence for us, as a result of we’re solely about to search out out which settlement fashions and varieties of assets end in essentially the most publicity to the volatility – or which generate a lot of the transaction quantity. For some eventualities, there isn’t a have to take care of the value velocity in any respect. Moreover, as talked about within the reply to the earlier query, third celebration providers could also be applied to attenuate the publicity of customers to this particular danger.

At this second, the first token associated downside, which impacts consumer adoption, is the final precarious UX state of blockchain applied sciences. These UX challenges manifest in some ways, starting from buying the tokens for the primary time (onboarding) to exchanging them for fiat (offboarding), or spending in a fiat-like approach. We’re conscious {that a} vital variety of firms within the area work on enhancing such challenges, so we might slightly wait for his or her outcomes and push ahead our primary challenge, than concentrate on fixing this basic downside.

One class of options which we’re trying into are gasless wallets. The only real reality of utilizing crypto has UX trade-offs already, however having to make use of each the native token (for utility functions) and ETH (for fuel) is one other downside. It makes the consumer expertise of any dApp with customized token more difficult than it could possibly be. The Constantinople improve added options to Ethereum tailor-made to resolve this ache level, and each the theoretical frameworks and preliminary implementations are already there.


We hope you loved this Q&A, and whereas we don’t intend to make this right into a sequence, be looking out for the next components of this session with Piotr, and possibly with different group members (apart from our AMAs). As all the time, we wish to thanks to your help and we’ll proceed working in the direction of delivering bleeding edge know-how for the betterment of our decentralized future.

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